Local endogenous development
and urban regeneration of small alpine towns



Form 1 - Partner’s introduction

Name of the partner

Regione Lombardia - Trade, Fairs and Markets Department - Trade Unit.

Institutional role of the partner

(General information on all sectors of competence and degree of administrative capacity).

The Unit competences consists in:

  • Programming and policy in the following areas: Commerce, public concerns.
  • Daily press and magazines; Fairs; Consumers' protection; fuel net distribution.
  • Great Selling Store trading licences to public release.
Name of the sector in charge of managing AlpCity

(National language and English translation).

Trade Unit

Role of the sector within the partner's administrative structure

(Information on specific competences, policies and services).

Programming and Policy in Commerce field, Consumers protection, Great Selling Store trading licences to public release.

Partner's expected benefits from the participation to AlpCity

Investigating and set the conditions to begin the trial in two little mountain municipalities in Lombardy for:

  • Maintaining adequate commercial service levels.
  • Increasing the value of Handicraft.

Indicate the WPs (5-8) in which the partner will undertake local case-projects (and if the partner is WP responsible)

Partner is responsible of WP 5 - case of project 1 - Economical development.

Within this WP the study of two local cases of Lombardy jurisdiction.

Organisational expectations from the participation to one or more specific WP5-8 (case-projects)

(The WP must have internal rules? Which ones? How do you see the role of the WP responsible? How do you think exchange of experiences within the WP should be promoted? What could be the ways to structure the WP: distinct meetings, news by email? Others?).

Proposal of internal rules:

  • Defining deadlines and conditions (Typical report) to transfer information about project on progress.
  • Setting up the frame of work relations during the meetings.

WP Responsible role:

  • Support of a setting up of a common working methodology within WP4 and connection with others WP which analyse study cases.
  • Monitoring the project trend and summarizing in Meetings report received and a link with the LP.

Exchange WP experiences:

  • Via e-mail.
  • Involving partners in local workshop.
  • During meetings.

Expectations from the work of AlpCity Scientific Steering activities
  • Supporting the final focusing on working methodology for the study of cases and for WP work.
  • Supporting the communication actions.
  • Producing supporting studies documents (analysis, examples, best practices).
  • Supporting the realization of local Workshop.
  • Supporting the Meeting Realization.

Form 2 - Description of the concerned territory (geographic and/or institutional areas)

Administrative areas within the region

(What are the administrative levels within the region for different policy, planning, and project purposes? What are the different competences within these areas? What is the relationship between these levels and the small towns? The mountains?).

Administrative levels are Provinces and Municipalities.

Provinces have the role of territorial wide area planning. Through Territorial Plans of Provincial Coordination (PTCP) they defines the infrastructural frame, ways for environmental protection, standards for identifying sections in which is possible the localization of great distribution stores.

Municipalities are responsible Urban planning Bodies. A particular care of urban planning is the Commerce Urban Planning: Municipalities identify, based on specific economical and territorial analysis, areas destined to Great and Medium distribution stores.

Municipalities release of trading licenses activity permissions for neighbourhood concerns and for Medium distribution stores.

Brief description of the mountain character within the whole partner's territory

(Examples: what part is covered by mountains, what are the types of mountain (high, medium, low), which is the quota of the population living in mountain areas, what is the role of the mountain areas in the regional economy, etc.).

Mountain areas cover the 40% of Regional surface.

At the North of the Region there is a Mountain zone, then a Sub-mountain zone sloping down to the Great Padana Plain end a hill zone in the south. (Pavia Province).

Structure of the towns within the region

(Examples: size, hierarchy, demographic and economic changes, main social and economic problems).

Multi-centric Urban System both in inner Milan city area and in the Lombardy Region.

In the Plain belt and in the Sub mountain belt crossing the region from east to west there is the higher concentration of population and productive activities, with peaks in Milan area and along the ways connecting the regional chief town to Varese, Como, Lecco and Bergamo.

In the low Padana Plain there is a substantial persistence of agricultural activity. Along the lake shores and in middle and great mountain centres a strong tourist activity is reported.

Names of the case-projects (described in Form 3) and all administrative area/s involved

Province of Sondrio, Municipality of Dazio.

Province of Brescia, one or more Municipalities in Val Camonica or in Val Vestino (Alto Garda Bresciano Mountain Community.

Number of inhabitants in these areas (please list all individual towns and other administrative levels concerned by each case-project)

Province of Sondrio: 177.500, Municipality of Dazio: 347

Province of Brescia: 1.113.000; One Municipality in Val Camonica Mountain Community or in Alto Garda Bresciano Mountain Community is selected in Province of Brescia with less than 2.000 inhabitants.

Municipalities and inhabitants' list is below:
Val Canonica Municipalities (n.26):

CETO 1.860
CEVO 1.030
NIARDO 1.835
OSSIMO 1.433
SONICO 1.208
TEMU' 1.010

Alto Garda Bresciano Municipalities (n.5):


Specific issues on the structure of the towns in these mountain areas

Ancient Urban cores characterized by demographic decay phenomenon, lack of infrastructural and services system, percentage of population over 64 y.o. above 20%.

Economic profile of these towns
- regional functions
- external functions

Rural Mountain Economy. Presence of handicraft functions with historical value. (i.e. "Pietra Ollare" processing in Valtellina). Areas have always been at the edge of historical commercial roads.

They now show shortage in commercial distribution and neighbour services system.

Social image of the mountains within the region

(Examples: symbolic values attached to the mountains, level of attractiveness for residential and/or leisure time activities, level of repulsiveness, differences among community and social groups. Please comment your replies!)

High landscape value of sites. Few tourist attraction, lack of infrastructural and hosting system.

Placement in a particular landscape and environmental regional areas - regional Parks (Parco Regionale dell'Alto Garda Bresciano)

Bibliography as follows:

  • AAVV, Il paesaggio Lombardo, Regione Lombardia Assessorato all'Urbanistica; Sondrio 1998.
  • AAVV, Le Alpi per l'Europa: una proposta politica. Economia, territorio e societŕ. Istituzioni, politica societŕ, Milano 1988.

Policies for the mountain

(Is there a specific legislation concerning mountain areas? E.g. national, regional, other levels. What are the main points? Please indicate also the references and dates. Besides legal instruments, is there a specific partner's political approach vis-ŕ-vis the mountains? What are the objectives? What are differences with other areas/regions?).

Regional laws:

  • L.r. 10/98 "Disposizioni per la valorizzazione, lo sviluppo e la tutela del territorio montano in attuazione della legge 97/1994".
  • PdL di recente approvazione regionale "Misure di sostegno a favore dei piccoli comuni della Lombardia".
  • L.r. 14/99 "Norme in materia di commercio in attuazione del D.Lgs 114/98".

Regional Commerce Planning acts:

  • Triennial plan of Commerce field Development 2003-05 (DCR 30 July 2003 n. VII/871)
  • Integrated Plan of Commerce intervention - PIC (DGR 14 November 2003 n. 7/15056)
  • Triennial Plan commerce field development course of actions 2003-05 about Great selling Stores (DGR 18 December 2003 n. VII/15701)

National laws:

  • L. 3 december 1971 n. 1102 "Nuove norme per lo sviluppo della montagna".
  • L. 31.1.94 n. 97 "Nuove disposizioni per le zone montane".
  • D.Lgs 114/98 "Riforma della disciplina relativa al settore del Commercio a norma dell'art.4, comma 4 della legge 59/97".

Particular aspects of Lombardy Region Laws:

A recent law about little Mountain municipalities identifies a precise supporting framework for Municipalities with less than 2.000 inhabitants population (45% of the Whole Lombardy Municipalities) in which exist social-economical and infrastructural Marginalization situations, taken every 5 years based on demography, on wealth level, on services equipment and the tourist guidance.

Facilities are foreseen for:

  • Commercial activity practice (realizing multi-services shops; derogating the 250 mq. maximum level for neighbour shops; opening hour during no working days; Giving permission for fuel selling points new openings);
  • Education - also with economic benefit (maintaining schools open; starting up with experimental tele-teaching forms; union of different teaching levels in into school and extra-school grouping)
  • Fiscal facilities to improve new production activities reducing the regional tax on Production Activity (IRAP)
  • Financial acts (l.r. 33/91 "...Istituzione del fondo di ricostruzione infrastrutture sociali Lombardia - FRISL"; l.r. 31/96 "Norme concernenti la disciplina del Fondo per la realizzazione di progetti infrastrutturali di rilevanza regionale")

The Triennial Programme about Commercial field development 2003-05 and related applicated conditions, forseeing specific development objects for mountain areas paying attention at the neighbour services maintenance, Financial Initiative as l.r. 13/2000 supporting multi-service shops and other experimental forms, particular attentions to impacts generated by the allocation of Great selling stores).